Much like The SimpsonsSouth Park uses a very large ensemble cast of recurring characters and became infamous for its profanity and darksurreal humor that satirizes a wide range of topics towards a mature audience.
Parker and Stone developed the show from The Spirit southpark сексуальная зависимость Christmastwo consecutive animated shorts created in and It debuted in August with great success, consistently earning the highest ratings of any basic cable program. Southpark сексуальная зависимость pilot episode was produced using cutout animationleading to all subsequent episodes being produced with computer animation that emulated the cutout technique.
Sinceeach episode has typically been written and produced in the week preceding its broadcast, with Parker serving as the primary writer and director. The boys live in the fictional small town of South Southpark сексуальная зависимость, located within the real-life South Park basin in the Rocky Mountains of central Colorado.
Eric Cartman usually nicknamed by his surname only is loud, obnoxious, and amoral, often portrayed as an southpark сексуальная зависимость. In the season four episode " 4th Grade "they entered the fourth gradebut have remained there ever since.
Plots are often set in motion by events, ranging from the fairly typical to the supernatural and extraordinary, which frequently happen in the town. Each episode opens with a tongue-in-cheek all persons fictitious disclaimer: All celebrity voices are impersonated The following program contains coarse language and due to its content it should not be viewed by anyone.
South Park was the first weekly program to be rated TV-MA and is generally intended for adult southpark сексуальная зависимость. South Park commonly makes use of carnivalesque and absurdist techniques,  numerous running gagssouthpark сексуальная зависимость  violence  sexual content  offhand pop-cultural references, and satirical portrayal of celebrities.
Early episodes tended to be shock value -oriented and featured more slapstick-style humor. Parker and Stone met in southpark сексуальная зависимость class at the University of Colorado in and discovered a shared love of Monty Pythonwhich they often cite as one of their primary inspirations. Brian Graden, Fox network executive and mutual friend, commissioned Parker and Stone to create a second short film as a video Christmas card.
Created inthe second The Spirit of Christmas short resembled the style of the later series more southpark сексуальная зависимость. Frostyand the second short as Jesus vs. Graden sent copies of the video to several of his friends, and from there it was copied and distributed, including on the internet, where it became one of the first viral videos.
Santa became more popular, Parker and Stone began talks of developing the short into a television series. Fox refused to pick up the series, not wanting to air a show that included the character Mr. Hankeya talking piece of feces. Parker preferred the show be produced by Comedy Central, fearing that MTV would turn it into a kids show.
Parker and Stone assembled a small staff and spent three months creating the pilot episode " Cartman Gets an Anal Probe ". Southpark сексуальная зависимость, the shorts were southpark сексуальная зависимость gaining more popularity over the Internet, and Comedy Central agreed to order a run of six episodes.
Except for the pilot episode, which was produced using cutout animationall episodes of South Park are created with the use southpark сексуальная зависимость software, primarily Autodesk Maya. As opposed to the pilot, which took three months to complete,  and other animated sitcoms, southpark сексуальная зависимость are traditionally hand-drawn by companies in South Korea in a process that takes roughly eight-to-nine months,   individual episodes of South Park take significantly less time to produce.
Scripts are not written before a season begins. After exchanging ideas, Parker will write a script, and from there the entire team of animators, editors, technicians, and sound engineers will each typically work — hours in the ensuing week. Parker and Stone state that subjecting themselves to a one-week deadline creates more spontaneity amongst themselves in the creative process, which they feel results in a funnier show.
Dawn of the Posers ", from being finished in time. The episode was rescheduled to air a week later on October 23, Subsequent episodes have been produced by computer animationproviding a similar look to the originals while requiring a fraction of the time southpark сексуальная зависимость produce. The characters and objects are composed of simple geometrical shapes and primary colors.
Most child characters are the same size and shape, and are distinguished southpark сексуальная зависимость their clothing, hair and skin colors, and headwear. Their movements are animated in an intentionally jerky fashion, as they are purposely not offered the same free range of motion associated with hand-drawn characters. Canadians on the show are often portrayed in an even more minimalist fashion; they have simple beady eyes, and the top halves of their heads simply flap up and down when the characters southpark сексуальная зависимость.
When the show began using computers, the cardboard cutouts were scanned and re-drawn with CorelDRAWthen imported into PowerAnimatorwhich was used with SGI workstations southpark сексуальная зависимость animate the characters.
A few episodes feature sections of live-action footage, while others have incorporated other styles of animation. Portions of the season eight premiere " Good Times with Weapons " are done in anime style, while the season 10 episode " Make Love, Not Warcraft " is done partly in machinima.
Parker and Stone voice most of the male South Park characters. Mona Marshall and Eliza Schneider succeeded Bergman, with Schneider leaving the show after its seventh season She was replaced by April Stewartwho, along with Marshall, continues to voice most of the female characters.
Bergman was originally listed in the credits under the alias Shannen Cassidy to protect her reputation as the voice of several Disney and other kid-friendly characters. Slavethe former gay southpark сексуальная зависимость of Mr.
When voicing southpark сексуальная зависимость characters, the voice actors speak within their normal vocal range while adding a childlike inflection. The recorded audio is then edited with Pro Toolsand the pitch is altered to make the voice sound more like that of a fourth grader. Isaac Hayes voiced the southpark сексуальная зависимость of Chefan African-American, soul-singing cafeteria worker who was one of the few adults the boys consistently trusted.
Celebrities who are depicted on the show are usually impersonated, though some celebrities do their own voices for the show. Jennifer Aniston Richard Belzer Natasha Henstridge Norman Lear and Peter Serafinowicz  have guest starred as other speaking characters.
Parker says that the varying uses of music is of utmost importance to South Park. The show also frequently features scenes in which its characters have disapproving southpark сексуальная зависимость to the performances of certain popular musicians.
Dunlap reads a script, creates a score using digital audio software, and then e-mails the audio file to South Park Studios, where it is edited to fit with the completed southpark сексуальная зависимость.
In addition to singing in an effort to explain something to the children, Chef would also sing about things relevant to what had transpired in the plot. His lines are usually sexually explicit in nature, such as his original lines, "I like girls with big southpark сексуальная зависимость titties, I like southpark сексуальная зависимость with deep vaginas".
The original opening composition was originally slower and had a length of 40 seconds. It was deemed too long for the opening sequence. The opening song played in the first four seasons and the end credits in all seasons has a folk rock instrumentation with bass guitartrumpets and rhythmic drums. Its beat is fast in the opening and leisurely in the closing credits. In the latter parts of season 4 and season 5, the opening tune has an electro funk arrangement with pop qualities.
Seasons have a sprightly bluegrass southpark сексуальная зависимость with a usage of banjo and is set southpark сексуальная зависимость the major key. For the later seasons, the arrangement is electro rock with a breakbeat influence, which feature electric guitars backed up by synthesizedgroovy drumbeats.
The opening theme song has been remixed southpark сексуальная зависимость times during the course of the series, including a remix performed by Paul Robb. Broadcast syndication rights to South Park were acquired by Debmar-Mercury and Tribune Entertainment in and respectively.
The series is currently aired in syndication in 90 percent of the television markets across the U. Complete seasons of South Park have been regularly released on their entirety on DVD sincewith season twenty being the most southpark сексуальная зависимость released. Several other themed DVD compilations have been released by Rhino Entertainment and Comedy Central,  while the three-episode Imaginationland story arc was reissued straight-to-DVD as a full-length feature in The southpark сексуальная зависимость eleven seasons were released on Blu-Ray for the first time in December In MarchComedy Central made every episode of South Park available for free full-length on-demand legal streaming on the official South Park Studios website.
The episode stayed up for the remainder of the week, then taken down, and added to the site three weeks later. Within a week, the site served more than a million streams of full episodes,  and the number grew to 55 million by October In July it was announced that Hulu had signed a three-year deal purchasing exclusive online streaming rights to southpark сексуальная зависимость South Park for a reported 80 million dollars.
Following the announcement every episode remained available for free on the South Park Studios website, using the Hulu player. As of Septemberfollowing the premiere of the eighteenth season, only 30 select episodes are featured for free viewing at a time on a rationing basis on the website, with new episodes being available for an entire month southpark сексуальная зависимость the day southpark сексуальная зависимость their original airings.
The entire series will be available for viewing on Hulu Plus. In Aprilthe season five episode " Super Best Friends " and the season fourteen episodes " " southpark сексуальная зависимость " " were removed from the site; additionally, these episodes no longer air in reruns and are only available exclusively on DVD. These episodes remain unavailable following the purchase by Hulu.
As of July 1,all episodes of South Park are available for streaming southpark сексуальная зависимость Canada on the service CraveTV, which first consisted of seasons Subsequent seasons are released the following July. From its debut in to the season twelve finale in the series had been natively produced in 4: In the southpark сексуальная зависимость switched to being natively produced southpark сексуальная зависимость Several of the re-rendered episodes from the earlier seasons have their original uncensored audio tracks; they had previously been released in censored form.
The fifth-season episode " Super Best Friends ", which was pulled from syndication and online streams following the controversy surrounding episode ""was not released alongside the rest of the season southpark сексуальная зависимость it was released in HD on iTunes in The episode was later re-rendered and made available for the Blu-ray release of the season that was released on December 5, When South Park debuted, it was a huge ratings success for Comedy Central and is seen as being largely responsible for the success of the channel, with Herzog crediting it for putting the network "on the map".
The episode earned a 6. The episode earned an 8. The success of South Park prompted more cable companies to carry Comedy Central and led it to its becoming one of the fastest-growing cable channels. The number of households that had Comedy Central jumped from 9. The southpark сексуальная зависимость eventually increased, and seasons five through nine consistently averaged about 3 million viewers per episode.
InChannel 4 voted South Park the third-greatest cartoon of all time. Burns from The Simpsons. South Park has been nominated for the Emmy Award for Outstanding Animated Program sixteen times,—, and — As the series became popular, students in two schools were barred from wearing South Park -related T-shirts,   southpark сексуальная зависимость and the headmaster of a UK public school asked parents not to let their children watch the programme after eight- and nine-year-old children voted the South Park character Cartman as their favorite personality in a poll.
Parents Television Council founder L. The season nine episode " Trapped in the Closet " denounces Scientology as nothing more than "a big fat global scam",  while freely divulging church information that Scientology normally only reveals to members who make significant monetary contributions to the church.
The season fourteen episodes " " and " " were mired in controversy for satirizing issues surrounding southpark сексуальная зависимость depiction of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad. The website for the organization Revolution Muslima Southpark сексуальная зависимость York-based radical Muslim organization, posted an entry southpark сексуальная зависимость included a warning to creators Parker and Stone that they risk violent retribution for their depictions of Muhammad.
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